The Afghan Wireless Communication Company (AWCC) is the first ever private telecommunication company in the country and was established in 2002. According to the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (MoCIT), AWCC has 4.5 million subscribers and its investment is more than US$650m.
The second company is Roshan Communication Company. It has the most subscribers in the country according to the MoCIT the investment of the company is US$700m and it has 6.5 million subscribers. Roshan was established in 2003.
Afghan Telecom is a mixed private and governmental company that was established in 2005. It has landlines and mobile phones reaching 3.1 million subscribers with a US$250m investment.
Etisalat was established in 2006 with a US$300m investment. It has 4 million subscribers across the country, in accordance with MoCIT.
MTN was also established in 2006. It has 3 million subscribers with a US$250m investment. The most recent is Salam Communication Company. It was established in 2013 with a US$250m investment. Salam has 1 million subscribers, according to the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology.
It is worth mentioning that none of above mentioned companies specified to work for a part of the country or for a specific segment of the population. All are working throughout the country, with more and less the same coverage. According to UN statistics, more than 62 percent of Afghanistan citizens are under the age of 25; it is therefore safe to assume that most users are youths.