References

from Overview to Education (Professional development)

  • AGB-Ipsos Stat People Meter, Lebanon Media Landscape, Media Direction OMD Report, 2010.
  • Boulos, Jean Claude, La Télé, Quel Enfer!, Dar An-Nahar, Beirut, 2007.
  • Boulos, Jean Claude, La Télé, Quelle Histoire!, Editions FMA, Beirut, 1995.
  • Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, “Statistics on Arab Media,” Arab Reform Bulletin 2(11), December 2004.
  • CIA, The World Factbook - Lebanon, 2011.
  • Dabbous Yasmine, “Media With a Mission: Why Fairness and Balance Are Not Priorities in Lebanon’s Journalistic Codes”, International Journal of Communication 4 (2010), pp. 719–737.
  • Dajani Nabil, Disoriented Media in a Fragmented Society: The Lebanese Experience, American University of Beirut, Beirut, 1992.
  • Dubai Press Club, Arab Media Outlook 2009-2013.
  • Dubai School of Government’s Governance and Innovation Program, The Arab Social Media Report 2015.
  • Fandy Mamoun, (Un)Civil War of Words - Media and Politics in the Arab World, Praeger Security International 2007.
  • Hallin Daniel C. and Mancini Paolo, Comparing Media Systems, Cambridge University Press, 2004.
  • Hammoud M.M. and Afifi W., “Lebanon,” in Kamalipour Y.R. and Mowlana H. (eds), Mass Media in the Middle East: A Comprehensive Handbook, Greenwood Press, Westport, CT, 1994, pp. 160–178.
  • Issa Nadine, Le Prêt- à- Penser confessionnel - Médias Outils ou Médias Utiles, Imprimerie al-Hurriyat, Beirut, 2009.
  • Lekas Miller Anna, Digital Rights and Online Expression in Lebanon, SKeys Foundation, Beirut.
  • Maharat Foundation, Internet Legislation Atlas (ILA) Country report: Lebanon, 2015.
  • Media in Lebanon: Towards Enhancing Freedom of Expression, 2012.
  • Melki Jad, “Journalism and Media Studies in Lebanon,” Journalism Studies, 2009, pp. 672–690.
  • Melki Jad, Dabbous Yasmine, Nasser Khaled and Mallat Sarah, Mapping Digital Media: Lebanon Open Society Foundations Media Program, 2012.
  • Open Society Foundation, Mapping Digital Media in Lebanon, 2012.
  • Power C., Media in Lebanon: Reporting on a Nation Divided. International Press Institute 2006.
  • Richani (El-) Sarah, The Lebanese Media: Anatomy of a System in Perpetual Crisis, Palgrave Macmillan US, 2016.
  • Rugh William, Arab Mass Media: Newspapers, Radio, and Television in Arab Politics, Praeger, Westport, CT, 2004.
  • Saghieh, N., Saghieh, R. Geagea, N., Censorship in Lebanon: Law and Practice. Heinrich Böll Foundation.
  • Talhouk Firas, Lebanon: Annual Report 2014, SKeys Foundation, Beirut.
  • World Bank, Country Data, 2016.

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