Journalists associations

The Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ) has about 9,000 members and promotes journalistic professionalism, advocates for press freedom, etc. The American Society of News Editors (ASNE) was founded in 1922 as the American Society of Newspaper Editors, and has played a central role over the years in the development of professional ethics and culture. There is also an American Society of Magazine Editors (ASME). Other Associations represent journalists with particular specialisations, like investigative reporters or health journalists, and groups like Latino journalists and Black journalists.