PhD, Professor of Media Structures at the School of Communication, Media and Theatre (CMT), at the Faculty of Communications, University of Tampere, Finland. The doctoral dissertation on the Concentration of Newspapers (1994). Retired from August 1, 2013. – Gives still lectures on the Finnish Mass Media System for foreign exchange students.
Worked over 40 years as assistant, lecturer, adjunct professor and senior lecturer, and as the Head of the Department of Journalism and Mass Communication in two triennials from 1.8.1998 to 31.7.2003. Conducts research on structural developments in mass media industries in Finland. Worked for several years as a member of Council of Europe expert committees (MM-CM) studying on media concentration and pluralism. Worked for several years as a national correspondent for the Bulletin of the European Institute for the Media (Düsseldorf). Conducted portions of the industry, concentration and media pluralism study for the Media Economics, Content and Diversity Project in the Media Culture Research Programme of the Academy of Finland (1999-2002). Articles on Finnish mass media for encyclopedias, newspapers, and multi media products. Published studies on structural developments, newspaper chains and concentration of the media in the academic journals, in the course books, and in the media statistical publications by the Statistics Finland and by the Nordicom (Nordic Media Trends). Contributed an article on the Finnish Media Landscape to the book European Media Governance: National and Regional Dimensions (ed. by Georgios Terzis, 2007). National correspondent and contributor to a country report of Finland in the research project EU Study on Indicators for Media Pluralism in the Member States – Towards a Risk-based Approach (eds. by Peggy Valcke et al., 2009). Conducted a survey on the Finnish journalists (2008) and contributed with Ari Heinonen an article on Finnish journalists to the book The Global Journalist (ed. by David H. Weaver and Lars Willnat, 2012).